Y

 

Yarık damak sendromu

Kalıtsal - AD/Spontan

Zigomatik arklar kısa

Altçene hipoplazisi (asimetrik)

Mandibula kondilleri düz

Yarık damak

Gingival hiperplazi

Örtülü kapanış

Zeka geriliği

Epileptik ataklar

 

  • Christensen K, Holm NV, Olsen J, et al. Selection bias in genetic-epidemiological studies of cleft lip and palate. American Journal of Human Genetics, 51: 654-659, 1992

  • Shiang R, Lidral AC, Ardinger HH, et al. Association of transforming growth-factor alpha gene polymorphisms with nonsyndromic cleft palate only (CPO). American Journal of Human Genetics, 53: 836-843, 1993

  • Hwang SJ, Beaty TH, Panny SR, et al. Association study of transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) TaqI polymorphism and oral clefts: indication of gene-environment interaction in a population-based sample of infants with birth defects. American Journal of Epidemiology, 141: 629-636, 1995

  • van den Boogaard M-JH, Dorland M, Beemer FA, Ploos van Amstel HK. MSX1 mutation is associated with orofacial clefting and tooth agenesis in humans. (Letter) Nature Genetics, 24: 342-343, 2000